Getting short course in SMEC Curtin University for 3 months give me many things that very useful for my study in the postgraduate UPI Bandung year 2008. Talking about my postgraduate surely include about my thesis. Until now, I`m still confuse, what will be write for my thesis required to finishing my study in UPI.
In the first semester I was take the subject about Research statistic and in the second semester I was study about research methodology of education. Then In third semester I was study about how to write the project or research for my thesis.
Based on my experience and my study, In my mind the research framework is only insist of two kinds are qualitative and quantitative research. But, after I got the subject with Bal Chandra Luitel in SMEC about project, especially how to write the research, I found what he called research paradigm. For many times the research paradigm which I understands its only positivism and post positivism, and with Bal I know about other paradigm which can use in my research. Three new paradigm for me are interpretive, postmodern and critical.
In thus paper I`ll try to describe and reflect those paradigm based on the explanation from my lecture in this subject-Bal Chandra Luitel- and also I take some resources from the journal, article or some books relation with research paradigm.
DEFINITION OF PARADIGM
According to Guba and Lincoln (1994), states” a paradigm may be viewed as a set of basic beliefs (or metaphysics) that deals with ultimates or first principles. It represents a worldview that defines, for its holder, the nature of the world, the individual`s place in it, and the range of possible relationships to that world and its parts”.
Meredith, etc also state that a research paradigm is a set of methods that all exhibit the same pattern or element in common. However, there are a number of dimensions on which research activity may be classified. For example, it may be classified according to the technique used to gather the data (model, literature, survey, observation, interview, experiment, laboratory, etc.), the methods used to analyze the data (statistics, protocol analysis, taxonomy), the immediate purpose of the research (exploration, description, evaluation, hypothesis generation, hypothesis testing), the nature of the units of analysis (individuals, groups, processes), the duration/time points of data collection, and so forth.
|Research Paradigm.doc||64 KB|
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